Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie)

Herausgeber:

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Rosenstein 1, D-70191 Stuttgart

Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Nr. 634 12%. Stuttgart, 31. 3. 2002

Callionymus ogilby1, a New Species of Eastern Australian Dragonets, with a Redescription of Callionymus scaber McCulloch (Teleostei: Callionymidae)

By Ronald Fricke, Stuttgart

With 3 figures and 1 table

Summary

Callionymus ogilbyi n. sp. from eastern Australia (southern Queensland, northern New South Wales) is described on the basis of 15 specimens. The new species is possibly identical with Callionymus affinis Ogilby, 1910, a specific name that is permanently invalid being a pri- mary homonym of Callionymus affinis Regan, 1908. Callionymus ogilbyi n. sp. is character- ized within the subgenus Callionymus (Calliurichthys) by having 7-12 small antrorse serrae dorsally on the preopercular spine; a high first dorsal fin in males bearing filaments on all four spines, the first dorsal fin in the male black, with oblique white streaks; with the throat plain dark brown in females; and in males with the distal five-sixths of the | fin black, in females with the distal two-thirds of the anal fin black.

Callionymus scaber McCulloch, 1926 is redescribed on the basis of a syntype from Lord Howe Island (AMS 1.4079, which is now designated as the lectotype of the species).

Zusammenfassung

Callionymus ogilbyi n. sp. wird aufgrund von 15 Exemplaren aus Ostaustralien (südliches Queensland, nördliches Neusüdwales) beschrieben. Die neue Art ist wahrscheinlich identisch mit Callionymus affinis Ogilby, 1910, einem ungültigen Taxon der Artengruppe, das ein primäres Homonym zu Callionymus affinis Regan, 1908 ist. Callionymus ogilbyi n. sp. wird innerhalb der Untergattung Callionymus (Calliurichthys) durch die folgenden Merkmale cha- rakterisiert: 7-12 kleine vorwärts gerichtete Zahnchen auf der dorsalen Seite des Praoperku- lardorns; Männchen mit einer hohen ersten Rückenflosse und Filamenten an allen 4 Stachel- strahlen; erste Rückenflosse beim Männchen schwarz, mit schrägen weißen Streifen; Kehle beim Weibchen einfarbig dunkelbraun; distale fünf Sechstel der Afterflosse beim Männchen schwarz, distale zwei Drittel der Afterflosse beim Weibchen schwarz.

Callionymus scaber McCulloch, 1926 wird aufgrund eines Syntypus von Lord Howe Is- land wiederbeschrieben (AMS 1.4079; wird in der vorliegenden Arbeit zum Lektotypus des Taxons bestimmt).

2 STUTTGARTER BEITRAGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 634

Contents APMED ECOGUCULOE Peat AP rohe cette tte Ne eee Nee Ara Ne id tee an eee nn RN NA aed 2 2. Methods, materials and. acknowledgements’ „2.2... uns ron renden 2 Jub SPECIES description sn. „A ar LM une Const neh lanl ER ale EEE El, 5 3.1 Gallionymnsogulbyı thy Spi) de Beso ee ee ne nwhete ee 5 324. Cailonymusscaver McCulloch Al 926: ana Ann ee te atone cine 9 SSP C ALOT VITUS Pee rs ee er ese IN te gee ee ac tects le ER et pa Te 11 Aw Reterences, mn tke © 124 Beit Soa nage A ne een Sata Shite bth N FR eats ales 11

1. Introduction

The dragonets of the family Callionymidae are a group of benthic marine fishes, found in warm and temperate seas from the very shallows to depths of water of at least 800 m. Most species live on soft, sandy or muddy substrates. The two largest genera, Callionymus and Synchiropus, are distributed nearly circumtropical. The In- do-Pacific species of the family have been revised by Fricke (1983), wo distin- guished a total of 82 species of Callionymus and 27 species of Synchiropus.

A checklist of the Australian Callionymidae was presented by Fricke (2000: 4-6), who recorded 42 species including 5 new species. FRICKE (2000: 20-24) redescribed Callionymus scaber McCulloch, 1926 on the basis of 20 specimens from the Chester- field Islands/East Coral Sea and New South Wales/Australia; the only remaining syntype (AMS 1.4079) was not available during several visits to the Australian Mu- seum Sydney (AMS) between 1992 and 1999.

When visiting the AMS again in November 2000, the author of the present paper was able to examine the remaining syntype of C. scaber which had been returned from an extended loan. He found that the specimen was not conspecific with New South Wales materials, and that the identity of C. scaber had to be reconsidered. Therefore, the species is redescribed again in the present paper on the basis of the re- maining syntype, and the New South Wales material is described as a separate, new species. The status of the Chesterfield Islands specimens remains unclear at the mo- ment as no large males from the area are available to finally determine if they are conspecific with the New South Wales species, the Lord Howe species, or if they represent another, undescribed species.

The checklist of Australian Callionymidae presented by Fricke (2000: 4-6) is re- vised in the light of the new findings (Tab. 1).

2. Methods, materials and acknowledgements

Methods: Methods follow Fricke (1983). The standard length (measured from the mid- dle of the upper lip to the posterior margin of the hypural plate) is abbreviated as SL.

Materials: For the present study, fish specimens deposited in the following institutions were examined: AMS The Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia; SMNS Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany.

Acknowledgements: This study was made possible by the generous assistance of M. Kutsickt, B. RICHER DE Forces and J. Rıvaron (Institut de Recherche pour le Développe- ment, formerly O.R.S.T.O.M., Nouméa, New Caledonia), who sent callionymid fish materi- als to the author of the present paper and provided valuable information. The following col-

FRICKE, DESCRIPTION AND REDESCRIPTION OF CALLIONYMUS-SPECIES 3

Tab.1. Revised checklist of Australian Callionymidae. Changes and additions to the list of FRICKE (2000: 4-6) are printed in bold face. States and areas: ACT Australian Commonwealth Territory (Jervis Bay); C7 Christmas Island; - CK Cocos Keeling Islands; CS Coral Sea; LHI Lord Howe Island; NJ Norfolk Island; - NT Nort- hern Territory; - NSW New South Wales; - QLD Queensland; SA South Austra- lia; VIC Victoria; TAS Tasmania; WA Western Australia.

Species CAAB Australian Reference/ Code!) States description Anaora tentaculata 37 427045 WA FRICKE, Gray, 1834 2000 Callionymus afilum 37 427008 WA, NT, QLD _ Fricke, Fricke, 2000 2000 Callionymus annulatus 37 427016 QLD FRICKE, Weber, 1913 1983 Callionymus australis 37 427013 WA FRICKE, Fricke, 1983 1983 Callionymus belcheri belcheri 37 427011 WA, NT, QLD Fricke, Richardson, 1844 1983 Callionymus bifilum 37 427038 WA, NT FRICKE, Fricke, 2000 2000 Callionymus brevianalis 37 427039 QLD FRICKE, Fricke, 1983 1990 Callionymus calcaratus 37 427015 WA, SA, VIC, FRICKE, Macleay, 1881 NSW, ACT, LH, 1983 NI Callionymus corallinus QLD FRICKE, Gilbert, 1905 1983 Callionymus delicatulus 37 427037 WA FRICKE, Smith, 1963 1983 Callionymus draconis 37 427017 WA Nakao et alii, Nakaso 1977 1992 Callionymus enneactis 37 427018 WA, NT, QLD _ Fricke, Bleeker, 1879 1983 Callionymus filamentosus 37 427040 WA FRICKE, Valenciennes in Cuvier & 1983 Valenciennes, 1837 Callionymus goodladi 37 427006 WA FRICKE, (Whitley, 1944) 1983 Callionymus grossi 37 427007 WA, NT, QLD FRriıcke, Ogilby, 1910 1983 Callionymus kailolae 37 427041 WA FRICKE, Fricke, 2000 2000 Callionymus keeleyi 37 427046 NT RussELL & FOWLER, 1941 Houston, 1989 Callionymus leucobranchialis WA, QLD FRICKE, Fowler, 1941 2000 Callionymus limiceps 37 427012 QLD, NSW FRICKE, Ogilby, 1908 1983 Callionymus macdonaldi 37 427023 NT, QLD, NSW Fricke, Ogilby, 1911 1983 Callionymus meridionalis 37 427019 WA, NT, QLD Fricke, Suwardji, 1965 1983 Callionymus moretonensis 37 427003 NT, QLD, NSW Fricke, Johnson, 1971 1983 Callionymus ogilbyi n. sp. QLD, NSW present paper

4 STUTTGARTER BEITRAGE ZUR NATURKUNDE

Tab. 1, continued.

Ser. A, Nr. 634

Species

Callionymus pleurostictus Fricke, 1982 Callionymus russelli Johnson, 1976 Callionymus scaber McCulloch, 1926 Callionymus sphinx FRICKE & HECKELE, 1984 Callionymus sublaevis McCulloch, 1926 Dactylopus dactylopus (Bennett in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1837) Diplogrammus goramensis (Bleeker, 1858) Diplogrammus xenicus (Jordan & Thompson, 1914) Synchiropus australis (NAKABO & McKay, 1989) Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson, 1844)

Synchiropus claudiae Fricke, 1990 Synchiropus grandoculis Fricke, 2000 Synchiropus morrisoni (Schultz in Schultz et alii, 1960) Synchiropus occidentalis Fricke, 1983 Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas, 1770) Synchiropus papilio (Gunther, 1864)

Synchiropus paxtoni Fricke, 2000 Synchiropus phasis (Gunther, 1880) Synchiropus rameus (McCulloch, 1926) Synchiropus splendidus (Herre, 1927)

!) Codes for Australian Aquatic Biota; see YEARSLEY, Last & Morris (1997). Additional

CAAB Code!

37 427003 37 427022 37 427036 37 427024 37 427010

37 427005

37 427026 37 427027 37 427029

37 427001

37 427042 37 427043 37 427031 37 427033 37 427032

37 427014

37 427044 37 427002 37 427009

37 427034

Australian States

NT, QLD

NT, QLD, NSW

LHI NT WA, NT, QLD

WA, NT, QLD, NSW

CK, WA, QLD, NI

WA

QLD, NSW

QLD, NSW,

ACT, VIC, TAS,

SA, WA QLD

WA WA, QLD WA

WA, QLD, NSW

WA, SA, VIC,

TAS, ACT, NSW,

QLD WA

WA, SA, VIC, TAS, NSW WA, NT, QLD, NSW

WA, QLD

codes were provided by G. YEARSLEY (personal communication).

leagues gave access to materials under their care, or sent specimens on loan: D. F. Hose, J. F.

Reference/ description

FRICKE,

1983 FRICKE,

1983 present paper

FRICKE & HECKELE, 1984 FRICKE,

1983 FRICKE,

1983

FRICKE,

1983 FRICKE,

1983 NAKABO & McKay, 1989 FRICKE,

1983

FRICKE, 1990 FRICKE, 2000 FRICKE, 1983 FRICKE, 1983 FRICKE, 1983 FRICKE, 1983

FRICKE, 2000 FRICKE, 1981 FRICKE, 1983 FRICKE, 1983

Lets, M. MCGROUTHER, J. PAXTON, S. READER, T. TRNsk1 (AMS, Sydney).

This revisionary study was partially supported by grants of the Deutsche Forschungsge-

meinschaft (No. FR 775/2-1; No. FR 775/6-1; No. FR 775/14-1; No. FR 775/17-1).

FRICKE, DESCRIPTION AND REDESCRIPTION OF CALLIONYMUS-SPECIES 5 3. Species descriptions

3.1. Callionymus ogilbyi n.sp. (Fig. 1)

Eastern Australian longtail dragonet

? Callionymus affinis Ogilby, 1910: 134-135 (Cape Moreton/Queensland; permanently in- valid, homonym of Callionymus affinis Regan, 1908).

Callionymus (Calliurichthys) japonicus scaber (non McCulloch, 1926): Fricke, 1983: 392-393 (part: southern Queensland)

Callionymus scaber (non McCulloch, 1926): Fricke, 2000: 5, 20-24, fig. 8 (part: southern Queensland, New South Wales/Australia).

Material

Total: 15 specimens.

Holotype: Australia, New South Wales: AMS 1.26229-002, male, 197mm SL; SE of Evans Head, off Iluka; FRV “Kapala”; 24 May 1988.

Paratypes. Australia, New South Wales: AMS 1.26229-000, 1 female, 151.6mm SL; with the same data as the holotype. AMS 10.26312-007, 9 specimens; NE of Yamba, 29°25’S 153°30’E, 49-54 m depth; FRV “Kapala”; 22 May 1986. —- AMS 1.26828-005, 1 specimen; NE of Tweed Heads, 28°06’S 153°48’E 28°11’S 153°48’E, 112-115 m depth; FRV “Kapala”; 3 June 1978. AMS 1.32120-007, 1 male, 156.7 mm SL, and 1 female, 139.2 mm SL; off Clarence River, 29°20’S 153°34’E 29°25’S 153°37’E, 67-73 m depth; K. GraHam, FRV “Kapala”; 2 May 1990. AMS 1.34028-001, 1 male, 180.7mm SL, and 1 female, 136.4mm SL; off Brunswick, 28°22’S 153°39’E 28°27’S 153°41’E, 47-57 m depth; FRV “Kapala”, K. Gra- HAM; 25 May 1991.

Etymology

The new species is named in honour of JOHN Douctas OcitBy (1853-1925) who pub- lished important conributions to the knowledge of Austrialian callionymid fishes.

Diagnosis

A Callionymus of the subgenus Callionymus (Calliurichthys) with a total of 9 rays in the second dorsal fin, 8 rays in the anal fin, 18-20 pectoral fin rays, 7-12 small antrorse serrae dorsally on the preopercular spine (additional to the main tip and an antrorse spine at the base); with a high first dorsal fin in males bearing filaments on all four spines, the first dorsal fin in the male black, with oblique white streaks; with the throat plain dark brown in females; and in males with the distal five-sixths of the anal fin black, in females with the distal two-thirds of the anal fin black.

Description

D, IV (IV); D; viii,1 (viii,1); A vii,1 (vii,1); Py 11,14-15,11, total 18-19 (11,14—-16,i-11, total 18-20); P> 1,5 (1,5); C (1),1,7,u1, (1) (4), 1,7, ti, (i).

Body elongate and depressed. Head slightly depressed, 5.0 (4.9-5.0) in SL. Eye 3.0 (2.7-3.1) in head. Preorbital length 2.4 (2.4-2.7) in head. Interorbital distance 20.7 (17.8-21.2) in head. Occipital region with 2 rough protuberances on each side, and a rough postorbital area. Maxillary length 3.5 (2.7-3.6) in head. Preopercular spine with a straight main tip, a smooth base, a strong antrorse spine at its base, and 9 (7-12) small serrae on the dorsal margin (Fig. 1, centre). Preopercular spine length 3.1-4.4 in head. Preopercular spine formula 1+ ‘9 Leg 7-12 1). Body depth 10.7 (9.8-11.4) in SL. Body width 5.8 (5.0-5.9) in SL. Urogenital papilla in the male 9.6 (9.8-12.6) in head, in the female 15.9-31.8 in head. Caudal peduncle length 5.4

eo

STUTTGARTER BEITRAGE ZUR NATURKUNDE

EI

Ser. A, Nr. 634

ve, lateral view (scale: 10mm); - centre, left preopercular spine (scale: 3 mm). Below, AMS 1.26229-000, paratype, female, 151.6 mm SL:

Callionymus ogilbyi n. sp.; AMS 1.26229-002, holotype, male, 197 mm SL, Australia, New South Wales, southeast of Evans Head. Abo- lateral view (scale: 10 mm).

Fig.1

FRICKE, DESCRIPTION AND REDESCRIPTION OF CALLIONYMUS-SPECIES 7:

(5.7-7) in SL. Caudal peduncle depth 16.0 (23.7-26.3) in SL. Maximum observed SL 197.0 mm (male), 151.6 mm (female).

First dorsal fin relatively high in the male, all spines with short filaments, first spine 3.9 (3.8-4.1) in SL, 2"4 spine 3.3 (3.4-4.4) in SL, 3"d spine 5.0 (5.0-5.5) in SL, 4th spine 8.4 (7.8-8.5) in SL; in the female lower, spines without filaments, 15t spine 4.7-5.0 in SL, 2nd spine 5.2-5.3 in SL, 34 spine 5.4-6.2 in SL, 4 spine 6.8-8.8 in SL. Predorsal (1) length 4.2 (4.0-4.3) in SL. Second dorsal fin rays unbranched, the last divided at its base. First ray of second dorsal fin in the male 7.3 (4.9-8.0) in SL, last ray 4.8 (4.2-4.8) in SL; in the female, 1st ray 5.8-6.2 in SL, last ray 4.6-5.3 in SL. Pre- dorsal (2) length 2.4 (2.2-2.3) in SL. Anal fin beginning on a vertical through about 2nd ray of second dorsal fin. Anal fin rays unbranched, the last divided at its base. First anal fin ray in the male 12.6 (9.8-12.0) in SL, last ray 5.8 (5.5-5.9) in SL; 1st ray in the female 9.9-12.3 in SL, last ray 5.6-6.4 in SL. Preanal fin length 2.3 (2.1-2.3) in SL. Pectoral fin reaching to about 2™ anal fin membrane when laid back. Pectoral fin length 5.3 (4.6-5.4) in SL. Prepectoral fin length 3.2 (3.0-3.2) in SL. Pelvic fin reach- ing to 1st anal fin membrane when laid back. Pelvic fin spine 22.9 (14.2-23.2) in SL; pelvic fin length 3.6 (3.2-3.8) in SL. Prepelvic fin length 5.8 (4.8-5.9) in SL. Caudal fin with the median 4 rays extremely elongate; caudal fin length in the male 1.2 (1.2-1.4) in SL, in the female 1.6-1.7 in SL.

Colour in alcohol: Body dorsally light grey to greyish brown, with rounded whitish and brownish spots; sides of body in males each with a row of brown blotches, arranged in groups of 2-3, below the lateral line. Head greyish brown, with small dark brown spots below the eyes. Throat in the male dark brown, with a central heart-shaped black blotch; plain dark brown in the female.

First dorsal fin the male black, with oblique white streaks; in the female greyish brown, with a large black ocellus distally surrounding the third spine. Second dor- sal fin with 3 blackish spots on each ray, and with 3 horizontal grey streaks on each membrane. Males with distal five-sixths of anal fin black, females with distal two- thirds of anal fin black. Lower one-third of caudal fin black, upper two-thirds with about 12 vertical double rows of dark brown spots. Pectoral fin pale, upper half with vertical rows of small blackish spots. Pelvic fin mottled with dark brownish grey.

Sexual dimorphism: Males have a higher first dorsal fin than females, with the spines filamentous, and with whitish oblique stripes on a black background (with an ocellus distally around third spine in females), a longer snout, a longer caudal fin, and a longer urogenital papilla.

Distribution

Southeastern Queensland and New South Wales/Australia, at depths of 47-115 m (Fig. 2).

Relationships

This species is closely related to Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782 (Hout- TUYN, 1782: 312-314, Japan; Fricke, 1983: 380-392, figs 114-115, part: northern half of distribution range; C. japonicus japonicus), and Callionymus afilum Fricke, 2000. Callionymus scaber differs in the shape, colouration, and presence of 4 fila- ments in the male’s first dorsal fin, and in the broader black area on the anal and cau-

Ser. A, Nr. 634

STUTTGARTER BEITRAGE ZUR NATURKUNDE

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FRICKE, DESCRIPTION AND REDESCRIPTION OF CALLIONYMUS-SPECIES 9

dal fin in both sexes; also in the larger size of the black blotch on the thorax of the male, and the brown area on the thorax of the female.

Remarks

This species was treated by authors as a subspecies of Callionymus japonicus. Comparison with New Caledonian and northern Australian materials, however, re- vealed that C. japonicus, C. afilum, C. scaber and C. ogilbyi are separate, though closely related species.

The new species is most probably identical with Callionymus affinis Ogilby, 1910, a name which is permanently invalid being a primary homonym of Callionymus affinis Regan, 1908. So far, the holotype of C. affinis Ogilby, 1910 could not be lo- cated; as the original description by OcirBy (1910: 134-135) is relatively brief, the identity with C. ogzlbyi still needs verification.

3.2. Callionymus scaber McCulloch, 1926 (Fig.3) Lord Howe longtail dragonet CAAB Code (Australia): 37 427036

Callionymus, Calliurichthys, japonicus (non Houttuyn, 1782): McCuLLocn, 1926: 8 (Lord Howe Island).

Callionymus, Calliurichthys, japonicus var. scaber McCulloch, 1926: 197 (Lord Howe Island; 4 syntypes).

ee (Calliurichthys) japonicus scaber: Fricke, 1983: 392-393 (part: Lord Howe Is- and).

Callionymus scaber: YEARSLEY, Last & Morris, 1997: Appendix D (CAAB Code). Fricke, 2000: 20-24 (part: Lord Howe specimen only).

Material

Total: 1 specimen. Australia, Lord Howe Island: AMS 1.4079, lectotype (designation see below), male, 125.6 mm SL; ETHERIDGE & E. R. Warte; 1898.

Diagnosis

A Callionymus of the subgenus Callionymus (Calliurichthys) with a total of 9 rays in the second dorsal fin, 8 rays in the anal fin, 20 pectoral fin rays, 7 small antrorse serrae dorsally on the preopercular spine (additional to the main tip and an antrorse spine at the base); with a low first dorsal fin in the male bearing a filament only on

Fig.3 Callionymus scaber McCulloch, 1926; AMS 1.4079, lectotype, male, 125.6 mm SL, Lord Howe Island; lateral view. Scale: 10 mm.

10 STUTTGARTER BEITRAGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 634

the first spine, the first dorsal fin in the male light, covered with brown spots in reg- ular arrangement; with the thorax white in the male; and in the male with the distal

half of the anal fin black.

Description

D, IV; D2 viii,1; A vii,1; 11,16,11 (total 20); Pz 1,5; C (11),1,7,11,(11).

Body elongate and depressed. Head depressed, its length 4.8 in SL. Eye 3.1 in head. Preorbital length 2.1 in head. Interorbital distance 18.8 in head. Maxillary length 2.3 in head. Preopercular spine length 3.4 in head. Preopercular spine formu- lta Body depth 12.6 in SL. Body width 6.2 in SL. Caudal peduncle length 6.2 in SL. Caudal peduncle depth 19.6 in SL.

First dorsal fin low in the male, the first spine bearing a filament; length of first spine 4.2 in SL, 2"4 spine 8.7 in SL, 3rd spine 7.8 in SL, 4" spine 15.1 in SL. Predorsal (1) length 3.9 in SL. Second dorsal fin rays unbranched, the last divided at its base. Second dorsal fin distally slightly concave in the male. First ray of second dorsal fin in the male 5.0 in SL, 5‘ ray 5.3 in SL, last ray 4.6 in SL. Predorsal (2) length 2.4 in SL. Anal fin beginning on a vertical through 1st membrane of second dorsal fin. Anal fin rays unbranched, the last divided at its base. First anal fin ray in the male 10.5 in SL, 5 ray 5.6 in SL, last ray 5.1 in SL. Preanal fin length 2.2 in SL. Pectoral fin reach- ing to base of 24 anal fin membrane when laid back. Pectoral fin length 5.2 in SL. Prepectoral fin length 3.0 in SL. Pelvic fin reaching to base of 1% anal fin membrane when laid back. Pelvic fin spine 17.0 in SL; pelvic fin length 5.1 in SL. Prepelvic fin length 4.3 in SL. Caudal fin distally elongate, median four rays extended but con- nected by membranes; caudal fin length 1.4 in SL.

Colour in alcohol. Head and body light brown, belly whitish. Cheeks and dorsal half of head scattered with relatively few brown spots in regular arrangement. Tho- rax white. Back with irregular brown marblings and white spots. First dorsal fin with short horizontal light streaks on the first and second membranes; all mem- branes with brown spots. Second dorsal fin rays spotted with brown, membranes with short horizontal light streaks. Distal half of anal fin dark brown. Caudal fin with 16 vertical rows of brown spots; lower membranes dark brown. Pelvic fin scat- tered with brown spots. Pectoral fin translucent, with few vertical rows of faint brown spots.

Distribution

This species is known only from Lord Howe Island (Fig. 2).

Relationships

Callionymus scaber is closely related to Callionymus japonicus, C. afilum, C. ogilbyi, and C. rivatoni (distribution of the latter species see Fig.2). Within this group of species, it is characterized by the combination of a filamentous first spine of the first dorsal fin, 2"4 to 4t spines not filamentous; head first dorsal and pelvic fins covered with relatively few brown spots in regular arrangement in the male; tho- rax white in the male; distal half of anal fin dark in the male. The similar species Cal- lionymus gardineri Regan, 1908 is distinguished from C. scaber in having a longer fil- ament of the male’s first spine of the first dorsal fin, the male’s anal fin only with the distal margin dark, the male’s head covered with very few irregular dark spots.

FRICKE, DESCRIPTION AND REDESCRIPTION OF CALLIONYMUS-SPECIES 11

Remarks

In order to stabilise the usage of the name Callionymus scaber McCulloch, 1926, I hereby designate the syntype AMS 1.4079 (see Fig. 3) as the lectotype of the species.

FRICKE (2000: 20-24) confused this species with C. ogilbyi, judging from the orig- inal description without having seen any of the syntypes. When the lectotype be- came accessible, its examination provided evidence that C. scaber from Lord Howe Island is different from eastern Australian populations on the specific level.

3.3. Callionymus sp.

Calliorichtys japonicus: RIVATON, FouRMANOIR, BOURRET & Kuusickı, 1989: 30 (Nouvelle- Calédonie/New Caledonia, in checklist). KuLBick1, RANDALL & Rıvaron, 1994: 33 (Chesterfield Islands).

Callionymus scaber (non McCulloch, 1926): Fricke, 2000: 20-24 (part: Chesterfield Islands material only).

Material

Coral Sea, Chesterfield Islands: SMNS 21224, 1 female, 69.5 mm SL; northeastern lagoon, 19°17’54”S 158°35’30”E, 68 m depth; B. RICHER DE Forces, R/V “Coriolis”, St. CHALCAL CP. 7; 18 July 1984. - SMNS 21230, 1 male, 72.6mm SL; northeastern lagoon, 19°28’03”S 158°24°23”E, 54m depth; B. RIcHER DE Forces, Cruise CORAIL 2, St. 125; 29 July 1988. - SMNS 21241, 1 female, 47.7mm SL; northeastern lagoon, 19°24°58”S 158°21’35”E, 56m depth; B. RICHER DE Forces, Cruise CORAIL 2, St. 120; 29 July 1988. - SMNS 21248, 1 fe- male, 56.5 mm SL; 30km NNE Caye de l’Observatoire 21°13’30”S 158°50’12”E, 66 m depth; B. RICHER DE ForGEs; 24 July 1984.

Remarks

So far, only females are known from the Chesterfield Islands; at present, they can- not be assigned to either C. scaber or C. ogilbyi. More material from the area is need- ed to determine the taxonomic status of the material.

4. References

Fricke, R. (1981): Revision of the genus Synchiropus (Teleostei: Callionymidae). 194 pp.; Braunschweig (J. Cramer).

(1983): Revision of the Indo-Pacific genera and species of the dragonet family Cal- lionymidae (Teleostei). X + 774 pp.; Braunschweig (J. Cramer).

(1990): A new and a rare species of dragonet (Teleostei: Callionymidae) from New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde (A), 446: 1-13; Stuttgart.

(2000): Callionymidae of New Caledonia, with remarks on related species and descrip- tions of 10 new species from New Caledonia, Australia, New Guinea, and Hawaii (Te- leostei). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde (A), 617: 1-81; Stuttgart.

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Authors’ address:

Dr. RONALD Fricke, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde (Museum Schloss Rosenstein), Rosenstein 1, D-70191 Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany; e-mail: fricke.smns@naturkundemuseum-bw.de.

ISSN 0341-0145

Schriftleitung: Dr. Wolfgang Seeger, Rosenstein 1, D-70191 Stuttgart Gesamtherstellung: Gulde-Druck GmbH, D-72072 Tübingen